Tim Horton’s wants to eat Panera’s breakfast

tim-hortons-insidePanera Bread had its origin in St. Louis in 1987 where it is still called St. Louis Bread Company. Tim Horton’s, a fast service coffee and donuts shop with limited sandwiches, doesn’t care about the heritage and is planning to open 40 units in St. Louis and pushing more out nationwide through franchising. There have been mixed reviews stemming much from low brand recognition in a crowded market. I as a consumer look forward to more good fast morning options.

Source: http://www.stltoday.com/business/local/tim-hortons-signs-st-louis-franchisee/article_a660a9c3-990c-5482-a542-efa8a1eed504.html

 

 

Wendy’s Sees Best Growth Since 2005

Some of Wendy’s initiatives seem to actually be working. They have modernized their design and led a good marketing campaign around the pretzel bacon burger. I’d be feeling better if I was a franchisee.

  • Wendy’s (WEN) says company-owned same-store sales increased 3.2% in North America during Q3 and franchise-owned stores improved 3.1%.
  • The two-year stack for same-store sales was 5.9% to mark the best growth since 2005.
  • The restaurant operator improved its margins with a favorable sales mix and lower paper and beverage costs factoring in. (PR)
  • Company-operated North America restaurant margin was 15.6 percent, compared to 13.9 percent last year. The margin improvement was due to a favorable sales mix, with lower paper and beverage costs, partly offset by a 100 basis-point increase in commodity costs.

From a press release:

CEO says “Our Image Activation program, which started in 2011, has accelerated over the past two years, producing increased traffic and higher sales,” Brolick said. “We have developed a standard ultra-modern design with optional upgrades that provide investment flexibility to meet the needs of our diverse system. We are confident our solutions will work for 85 to 90 percent of our franchisees.”

The Company is offering an incentive program to qualified franchisees commencing Image Activation restaurant reimages during 2013. About 100 of these restaurants are currently in various stages of active process, and the Company believes most of them will be open or under construction by the end of 2013.

In addition to the expected 2013 increase in Image Activation new builds and reimages, the Company continues to expect further acceleration in Image Activation reimages for both Company-operated and franchise restaurants during 2014.

Drive Thru for Coffee

Seattle’s Best is opening 10 small (roughly 500 square feet) combination drive thru and walk up with no indoor seating. The drive thru makes all the sense in the world, and I’ve seen the success Starbucks has had with it. But, the walk up window is a little iffy because you will lose all retail opportunity (beans, coffee related equipment, music, etc.).

http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/the-exchange/seattle-best-bets-dfw-car-culture-204318262.html

UPDATING SITE

Hello READERS! Sorry for the downtime. I had a new baby and ignored this site for a few months. I am updating some technology so the site will be a bit bare for a few days. Things will be back to normal by Monday. Thanks for your patience.

Macaroni Grill acquiring units

Dallas-based Romano’s Macaroni Grill (a Brinker Intl restaurant) is buying four locations from a bankrupt franchisee. The locations are in San Francisco Bay (3) and Seattle (1). The parent company now owns all but five of its 200+ Romano’s Macaroni Grill restaurants.

There has been a movement of public companies selling corporate owned units to franchisees, but now I’m seeing more examples of franchisors acquire units from franchisees. The reason is probably driven mostly by low valuations of the acquired businesses.

Act of Valor – great movie to keep things in perspective

Today I rented online and watched the movie Act of Valor ($4 on Amazon Instant Video or iTunes). I was humbled and proud to watch the preparation and risks these Navy SEAL heroes take to protect our country. The movie put me in the right frame of mind to reflect on my own priorities and work to eliminate the unnecessary complications in life. 

The movie ended with a powerful poem from Native American Shawnee Chief, Tecumseh:

So live your life that the fear of death can never enter your heart. Trouble no one about their religion;respect others in their view, and demand that they respect yours. Love your life, perfect your life, beautify all things in your life. Seek to make your life long and its purpose in the service of your people. Prepare a noble death song for the day when you go over the great divide.

Always give a word or a sign of salute when meeting or passing a friend, even a stranger, when in a lonely place. Show respect to all people and grovel to none.

When you arise in the morning give thanks for the food and for the joy of living. If you see no reason for giving thanks, the fault lies only in yourself. Abuse no one and no thing, for abuse turns the wise ones to fools and robs the spirit of its vision.

When it comes your time to die, be not like those whose hearts are filled with the fear of death, so that when their time comes they weep and pray for a little more time to live their lives over again in a different way. Sing your death song and die like a hero going home.

Wise words that I plan to keep close to my heart.

2013 Papa Johns Franchise Incentives, similar to last year

Papa Johns is again offering incentives to new franchisees this year. This looks to be the same as last year. There are tight timing issues with opening to hit the incentives qualificaitons.

  • No franchise fee ($25,000 value);
  • $50,000 in equipment, including two Middleby-Marshall ovens, which may be purchased by the franchisee for $50 after operating for three years;
  • A royalty waiver for up to 18 months; and
  • A $3,000 food credit with PJ Food Service, which operates Papa John’s fresh dough and food distribution quality control centers, for each restaurant that opens at least 30 days prior to the scheduled opening date.

Unintended Franchise Killer – Street and Rail Construction Projects

Imagine you have the perfect location for your franchise near a stadium with lots of pedestrian traffic. You spend $450,000 to get your first franchise built and ready. Opening week was wonderful with sales of $12,000 and subsequents weeks continue on with profits. Then, a major light rail construction project starts out front and blocks your sidewalk. After a few weeks of jack hammers and tarps blocking views, nobody is venturing down your way because they don’t want to deal with the noise and nuisance. The construction project lasts for 8 months.

A similar story has happened in Minneapolis, MN in an area called “Stadium Village” near Target Field. Quiznos couldn’t afford to stay open. Independent fast food places such as Hot Diggity Dog and Leo’s Burritos also shut down with no word whether they will reopen.

This is a really unfortunate and sad situation. These projects are often years in the making so perhaps the franchisee should have anticipated this development. Nevertheless, with strict operating rules in a franchise agreement there is not much the franchisee can do to adjust operations.

Passion for Managing Process v. Entrepreneurship

I like the way this article in the NY Times described a requirement to be successful as a franchisee:

For someone who really has a passion for managing a process, though, investing in franchises can be so lucrative that that extra spark [entrepreneurship] may not matter.

I’ve heard several franchisors speak at the National Restaurant Association conferences and have worked with others as their attorney, and some failure and poor sales is attributed to failure to “follow the system”. I’m sure the franchisees would disagree, but I believe there is on some level truth in this failure to “follow the system” particularly in regards to marketing/sampling, cleaning and training.

“Following the system” is a little misleading though, because most of the franchisees technically are following the book, but the passionate and efficient execution is not there by the franchisee and their staff. Are the work areas and customer areas always clean even if you are following the operation manual’s cleaning schedule of “every 20 minutes walk through” of the dining area? Is the customer service respectful and prompt? Is the quality of product or service at least meeting the expectations of the customer? Is security monitored and threatening enough to ensure customers and staff are not stealing?

I would also add that franchisees need to be leaders. They must be able to handle the moment in front of customers and employees, run effective meetings, and be articulate motivators that can instill at least mild passion in staff to do the right thing. If you are meek and weak, you will be taken advantage of. But, don’t worry, it’s not you, it’s like that throughout the animal kingdom. But you probably shouldn’t be a franchisee.

Entrepreneurship requires the above traits as well. But, innovation is the element a franchisee is not empowered to really drive (it’s controlled by the franchisor), BUT an entrepreneur is required to drive innovation to survive.

Advice for Franchisees Saving for their Kid’s College; Education Bubble

Are you a franchisee thinking about how to best fund college for your children? Your research will quickly lead you to 529 plans, and in my opinion and experience as a purchaser it is probably the best option for college savings. You will also hear about Coverdale Education Savings Accounts but for tax complications and low investment levels it is probably more trouble than it is worth.

529 Plans are sponsored by states and enable USA-citizens to save after-tax money in an investment account that will accumulate earnings tax free and withdrawals are tax free if used to pay defined educational expenses. Some states offer small income tax breaks for investing in a 529 plan. For example, in Illinois:

Individuals subject to Illinois state income tax can deduct from their taxable income up to a maximum of $10,000 per year for contributions made toward the purchase of any College Illinois! Prepaid Tuition Program contract.* Married couples filing jointly can deduct up to $20,000 per year.** This state tax deduction reduces the individuals’ adjusted gross income (AGI) by the amount contributed up to $10,000 (or $20,000 for those filing jointly).

Contribution Limits

Contributions are included in the annual $13,000 exclusion from federal gift taxes for gifts made to any one person. But, unique to 529 plans, a contributor can give up to five times that amount ($65,000) in one year and treat that contribution as if it were made over five years for gift-tax purposes.

Fees; NY direct sold @ .17% is lowest in USA

You’ll have to do the math to see if the tax savings in the long run outweighs the higher fees of your state’s 529 plan. A benchmark to use is New York’s direct sold 529 plan which imposes a combined annual fee of .17% starting in March 2012, the lowest of any state right now. Investment options include a diverse and respectable range of Vanguard funds.

Prepaid Tuition – now too risky

I have previously recommended and have purchased myself 529 prepaid tuition plans, whereby a parent prepays tuition at todays value to protect against tuition inflation that has historically been over 5%.  The state prepaid plans generally have provision to pay out-of-state and private schools the same future value of the tuition. The state-sponsored prepaid college tuition programs were supposed to shift the investment risk from families to the government. But, many states now are struggling to make investment returns that keep up with annual increases in tuition and shortfalls are causing plans to turn into a Ponzi scheme. Some state bolster the appearance of safety like Florida who backs their plan with the full faith and credit of the state. Nevertheless, the program managers can and are starting to change the payout rules. You’ll have to research it.  I would only use a prepaid plan in combination with a 529 savings plan which YOU entirely control.

My main goal of this article was to provide some advice based on my experiences purchasing these plans over the  years. The recent development of the New York state 529 plan offering a .17% total fee is so enticing I had to share it with readers.

[EDITED May 20th, 2012 by FranchisPundit]

I’d like to respond to a some emails by adding perspective to this blog college, tuition, savings and jobs.

Two very successful entrepreneurs and billionaires, Peter Thiel and Mark Cuban, have written eloquently  on the education bubble issue and they believe student loan defaults will be as bad as the housing bubble as graduates can’t find jobs. See the links below for their provocative articles:

  • Peter Thiel, co-founder PayPal, hedge fund manager, early investor in many startups including Facebook.
  • Mark Cuban, co-founder of Broadcast.com acquired by Yahoo! for $5.9 billion, owns NBA’s Dallas Mavericks, Landmark Theatres, and Magnolia Pictures, and HDNet.

Their premise is that college degrees at expensive universities are a pseudo-scam. Students assume they can “flip” their degrees into a higher paying, more likeable job. So students in college trade 4 to 5 years of income, business experience, and pay for housing and room and board for a 50+% unemployment and underemployment rate. At many private schools the total combined investment can be over $75,000 per year.

Another side issues is if you sacrifice and save money for your kid’s college, the schools and government punish you because you have too many assets or income for need based tuition support.
The nobility usually associated with saving for college is eroded after considering some of these issues. As a parent, it is a difficult personal decision to allocate your extra cash to college savings for you kids, new business ventures, or retirement savings.

Franchisor’s Business Coaches

Most franchisors with 20+ units assign dedicated business coaches to franchisees to ensure operating compliance, help solve problems and bolster sales.

For example, here is what Jimmy Johns claims to do:

1 coach per 26 stores and they visit for a full day at least once every 30 days. If there are any issues or suggestions they are discussed with corporate if necessary and a written response is provided thr following day.

The reasoning goes that nothing should linger and everything is fixed immediately.

As comparison, Culvers has one coach for about 20 stores, but obviously they are much bigger stores. I believe Culvers has had only one store closure. A ratio under 40 units per coach is better than average.

GE Capital, Franchise Finance Provides $4.1 Million to Jimmy John’s Franchisee

I was told at the National Restaurant Association show in Chiacgo a few weeks ago that GE was no longer underwriting franchisee loans. I guess the speaker in that breakout session was wrong as they just provided $4.1 million in debt and line of credit to a 14-unit Jimmy Johns franchisee in Kansas. http://www.marketwatch.com/story/ge-capital-franchise-finance-provides-41-million-to-jimmy-johns-franchisee-hinz-jj-llc-2012-05-16

9 Common Interview Questions That Are Actually Illegal

http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/secrets-toyour-success/9-common-interview-questions-actually-illegal-201733303.html

Interesting perspective on illegal interview questions. Franchisees and the hiring.managers should be aware of these as training guidelines.

I think The article can be more clear about what the actual action is that is illegal. Asking the questions or discovering the answer isn’t illegal, only using it as the reason for certain employment decisions is prohibited. But why tread on thin ice with these issues? Just avoid these topics as a general rule.